There are primary and secondary varicose veins of the lower extremities. The secondary is caused by injuries, tumors, etc. , when the venous system cannot fully fulfill its functions.
Primarily develops due to the weakness of the vein wall. Causes contributing to the development of varicose veins of the lower extremities:
- hormonal imbalance;
- heavy static loads;
- work related to prolonged standing (e. g. barbers, shop assistants, waiters);
- Sitting in the wrong position, especially cross-legged;
- Shoes with high heels;
- sedentary lifestyle.
All of these factors contribute to the worsening of blood flow from the lower extremities, causing superficial veins to overflow, dilate and cause blood stasis. Heredity plays an important role in the development of the disease.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - symptoms
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are accompanied by such signs:
- swelling of the legs at the end of the working day;
- heaviness in the legs;
- cramps in the calf muscles mainly at night;
- pain, burning in the legs;
- spider veins on the legs;
- Formation of trophic ulcers.
Spider veins are small red-blue nodules on the skin that can be seen on the legs at the very beginning of the disease. Varicose veins in the lower extremities often cause particular problems during pregnancy.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - stages
There are several stages in the development of the disease:
- Compensation - Spider veins and tortuous veins appear on legs, no discomfort
- subcompensation - there are complaints of swelling, spasms of the calf muscles, a feeling of heaviness, fatigue in the legs, pronounced dilated veins are noted visually
- Decompensation - dermatitis, small hemorrhages are added, the skin becomes dense, dry, easily injured, age spots appear
The earlier the disease is detected, the easier it is to treat.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - diagnosis
For an accurate diagnosis of the disease, you need to see a doctor. Vascular surgery deals with varicose veins of the lower extremities. To make a diagnosis, in addition to complaints and visual examination, it is necessary to use special research methods.
Duplex angioscanning is considered the gold standard. This method combines ultrasound and Doppler scanning. Thus, it is possible to see the condition of the vascular wall in real time and to assess the blood flow velocity in the venous system of the lower extremities.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - complications
If there are varicose veins on the lower extremities, treatment should begin faster, otherwise the disease will progress, which is fraught with serious complications. Stagnation of blood in the veins contributes to the formation of blood clots, phlebothrombosis develops, and if the vein also becomes inflamed - thrombophlebitis.
The blood clots that form can break out of place at any time and enter the bloodstream. In this case, the thrombus enters the pulmonary veins and clogs them. At the same time, a person can die of asphyxiation even before the arrival of an ambulance, since such a formidable complication is extremely difficult to treat even in a specialized hospital, and there is very little time to save a life.
In addition, due to congestion, the nutrition of the lower extremities is disrupted. Deep trophic ulcers form on the skin, which do not heal well and tend to spread. This can lead to limb amputation.
Due to the fact that the complications of varicose veins of the lower extremities are by no means harmless, it is necessary to contact a qualified specialist as soon as possible. Only a doctor can prescribe effective treatment and help prevent complications.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - how to treat with ointments
In the pharmacy you can find a large amount of ointments for varicose veins of the lower extremities. They are based on substances that improve tissue trophism, relieve swelling and strengthen the vascular wall. Varicose veins of the lower extremities, photos and reviews of ointments can be found on the drug pages of the network.
In the early stages of the development of the disease, the use of various ointments can improve the condition of the venous system and slow down the progression of the disease, but ultimately it will not be possible to defeat varicose veins of the lower extremities. The results are only displayed after the doctor's visit.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - conservative treatment
It is based on the use of compression underwear, stockings, golf, tights, and sometimes dieting. How to cure varicose veins of the lower extremities? Medical treatment without surgery cannot be considered 100% effective when the manifestations of the disease are quite severe. If there are trophic ulcers and varicose veins of the lower extremities pass, treatment without surgery is impossible.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - treatment: surgery or intervention?
- intravascular coagulation. Do you have varicose veins on the lower extremities? Laser treatment in Moscow is a minor endovascular operation in which a vein is sclerosed with a laser. You will be removed varicose veins of the lower extremities, laser treatment is based on initiating blood flow into the desired vein. This is how varicose veins of the lower extremities are defeated. Laser treatment, which is not so expensive, takes little time and is well tolerated by patients, and they forget that they had varicose veins in the lower extremities, laser treatment (the price in our center is affordable) is very effective. The final number depends on the stage of the disease and the doctor's workload. Do not be afraid that the varicose veins of the lower extremities will attack again. Laser treatment (reviews are very numerous! ) will definitely get you going!
- Short stripping is a minimally invasive technique that removes a small section of the affected main vein. This makes it possible to preserve as many healthy parts of the veins as possible.
- Cryophlebectomy - removal of a vein using a cryoprobe. The operation is less traumatic - however, a small incision is made to insert the probe. After the operation you will immediately see the result.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - radio frequency treatment
How to remove varicose veins of the lower extremities? RFA treatment is of particular interest to patients. Why do many people dream of getting rid of varicose veins of the lower extremities, preferring RFO treatment?
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an operation that can be performed on an outpatient basis if you want to forget about varicose veins in the lower extremities. RFA treatment in Moscow uses radio frequency to "solder" a vein and remove varicose veins in the lower extremities. RFO treatment in Moscow is quick and effective.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - treatment with sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy is a treatment method in which a special substance is injected into the affected vein, causing its obliteration.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - treatment with sclerotherapy
Any intervention on the veins can be supplemented with sclerotherapy. The procedure is almost painless and is performed on an outpatient basis.
Phlebectomy is a traditional surgery to remove the affected veins in the lower extremities. It is performed in a hospital by vascular or general surgeons to permanently remove varicose veins in the lower extremities. Treatment after surgery consists of long-term pain medication, antibiotics, and compression therapy.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities. Treat what?
Each method of treatment has its indications and contraindications. To choose the best method, you need to consult a doctor, he will assess your varicose veins of the lower extremities, how to cure - he will also tell you.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment at home
In addition to surgical treatment, there are auxiliary methods that make it easy to remove varicose veins of the lower extremities. Treatment with folk remedies that can be done at home.
Attention - varicose veins of the lower extremities
Treatment with folk methods (the prices of herbs and creams are different), but still do not put too much hope on a green pharmacy.
It is important to pay attention to diet when there are varicose veins on the lower extremities, treatment with folk methods, the price of which is a penny. It is necessary to limit the consumption of meat, spicy, salty and smoked foods, increase the amount of vegetables and fruits in the diet, and exclude alcohol and coffee.
The optimal daily routine and therapeutic exercises improve blood circulation in the limbs. This takes 10-15 minutes a day.
Simple methods of folk treatment can complement the complex of measures for the treatment of varicose veins. Rubbing the feet with horse chestnut tincture, apple cider vinegar, garlic butter and many other remedies has been known since ancient times. You will relieve varicose veins of the lower extremities, the cost, photos and results can be viewed on our website on the Internet.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - prevention
For prevention, first of all, it is necessary to comply with the regime of work. You cannot be on your feet or sit in one position all the time. From time to time it is worth taking short breaks to give your legs some rest.
After a hard day's work, you can treat yourself to a foot massage, after which it is advisable to put your feet on a pedestal. This improves blood drainage from the limbs.
You can not get involved in a hot bath and sauna. To prevent varicose veins, it makes much more sense to take a contrast shower and rinse your legs with cool water.
It is important to watch your weight. Excessive body weight increases the load on the venous system and contributes to the development of the disease.
If there is a predisposition to the development of the disease and it is not possible to exclude all risk factors, it is better to engage in prevention. Even if the disease has already begun, do not despair. Varicose veins of the lower extremities are not a sentence. If you recognize the problem in time and turn to specialists, you can get rid of the disease and avoid serious complications.
Frequently asked questions from patients about varicose veins of the lower extremities
Are varicose veins of the lower extremities dangerous during pregnancy?
Varicose veins of the lower extremities during pregnancy carry certain risks in terms of the likelihood of developing thromboembolic complications. Therefore, it is necessary to contact a phlebologist and follow his recommendations.
I have had varicose veins on the lower extremities for a long time, which operation is better?
Modern minimally invasive surgery is optimal for varicose veins in the lower extremities. The best today are thermal erasure techniques (laser and radio frequency).
I have been diagnosed with lower extremity varicose veins, how is the surgery performed?
You have been diagnosed with varicose veins of the lower extremities and therefore an operation is indicated. In our country there is no unified approach to the choice of surgical treatment. There is a classic and outdated technique of phlebectomy using incisions and anesthesia. This operation is usually performed in public hospitals. In specialized phlebological centers, innovative techniques are used via selective access (punctures). Such operations are performed on an outpatient basis, under local anesthesia, without cuts and pain.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities, what is it?
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are a chronic progressive disease manifested by pathological dilatation of the venous vessels, disruption of the normal function of the venous valves, which impairs blood flow. This condition often develops in people whose work and lifestyle are associated with prolonged static loads.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities, what treatment is used?
When making the diagnosis: varicose veins of the lower extremities, quite different treatment is used. The conservative approach has many proponents, both among patients and doctors. However, you must immediately clarify that the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities can not be only conservative. Modern treatment of varicose veins involves the use of innovative techniques that radically eliminate the pathology.