Stage of varicose veins — what is important to know?

Knowledge of the stages of varicose veins, it is very important to start on time, prevention, and treatment. Because that's exactly what the first step to maintaining the health of the veins. Such sensations of fatigue and heaviness in the legs at the end of the day, are familiar to almost everyone, but only few of them the connection with varicose veins. And yet, these symptoms can be signs of a disease of the veins can.

At once we will notice that there are several variants of classification of varices of the legs. We turn to those, the development of the disease in three phases: the Phase of the compensation, the stage and the stage subcompensation decompensation. We consider them in more detail.

Varicose veins: the first Phase

The first Phase of the varicose veins is also called the stage of compensation.

This period can last from several months to several years. The fact that in the body mechanisms, are involved, if the event of a malfunction of the veins and compensate you. Therefore, the initial stage of varicose veins has the title "the stage of compensation". But therein lies the danger: the person may over a long period of illness to be ignored to lose character and time, when the fight with him would be the most efficient.

Phase subcompensation

In this Phase, the external signs of varicose veins, can occur in the Form of spider veins - the harbingers of varicose veins. Patients concerned about the heaviness in the legs, feeling of bloating, swelling of the legs in the evening, but bring to light complaints. Usually, these symptoms will be fatigue at the end of the work day, especially if the profession with a lengthy stay on the legs

If varicose veins are diagnosed in the early stages, it is the conservative non-surgical treatment. In particular, various types of sclerotherapy.

Varices progresses

Looks like varicose veins in the early stage, for example, is clear: the outward signs are not expressed, the Patient is to focus on your health. But in the second Phase, the Phase subcompensation, the patients usually have a house doctor.

Sub-payment - the stage of the disease, when the body is can not process it completely with all the negative consequences. The Patient begins to complain of pain or swelling at the end of the day is complex, but also the test of constant complaints, which prevents you from leading a normal life. And in this time appeal to the largest and just need.

Vienna in this Phase, the more pronounced and clearly visible. The skin can be darker to acquire a bluish, tint. In this stage symptoms the Patient noticed in the early stage varicose veins, to be enhanced. Swelling, pain, burning, small cramps in the legs it only at night but also at night.

In this Phase, it is more of a serious therapy: laser coagulation, minimally invasive surgery, to wear kompressionnogo of the Jersey is recommended.

If varicose veins are not treated...

If patients do not belong carefully to your condition and not turning to the phlebologist, varikoznaya the disease goes in the third, de-compensation stage.

Decompensation stage of the disease, if an Organ is failing with its function in consequence of a long illness. At this point, the mechanisms of adaptation and fixtures no longer work.

To de-compensatory stage of the venous outflow of the blood through the deformed veins are seriously disturbed. In consequence, the nutrition of the tissue suffers, in them, the fluid accumulates, trophic ulcers occur. The veins are strongly deformed, there may be serious complications in the Form of thrombosis.


In this stage, the treatment of varicose veins is necessary for the implementation of the strongly conservative methods are not effective, patients is surgery indicated. Otherwise, begin the disease is a threat to life.

There is an international classification of stages of varicose veins, which differ from the above. Experts distinguish seven phases of the disease, the letter C (from the Latin class):

  • C0 - Phase, if there is visible signs of varicose veins is missing
  • C1 - the appearance of spider veins or reticular (small, superficial) veins
  • C2 - visible subcutaneous varicose veins with a diameter of more than 3 mm
  • C3 - stage of varicose veins, due to the presence of permanent edema
  • C4 - changes to the development of venous ulcers of the skin or
  • C5 - formation of closed venous leg ulcers
  • C6 - formation of the open leg ulcers

And remember: no matter what the classification of the stages of varicose veins of the treating physician, the treatment of the disease most effective in the early stages.