As a fairly common disease of veins and arteries, varicose veins are accompanied by characteristic manifestations that make it possible to diagnose the disease in a timely manner and prevent its exacerbation. There are certain stages of varicose veins, which are accompanied by certain symptoms, which can be indicators of neglect of the pathological process and the possibility of recognizing current changes.
However, today phlebologists do not have a consensus on the isolation of the stages of the disease, since the discharge of manifestations and their characteristic course are not constant values: each case has its own features of the manifestation and course of this disease, and, on the contrary, against the background of parallel lesions of the bodythere is a high likelihood of lubrication phenomena, which can interfere with a correct diagnosis.
The main parameters for determining the stage of varicose veins
The stages of varicose veins are usually formed depending on certain manifestations that characterize the degree of neglect of the current pathological process, as well as its impact on the patient's body as a whole. The classification of the manifestation of this disease is the simplest method of preliminary diagnosis and determination of the treatment regimen.
To determine the stage of this disease, a number of specific questions should be answered that will make it possible to understand the existing symptoms and, with their help, to determine the degree of exacerbation of the process, the possibilities for treatment.
These topics include:
- the presence of characteristic manifestations of varicose veins and the degree of their manifestation;
- Location and severity of symptoms;
- the presence of external manifestations of changes in the state of veins and large arteries;
- Identification of side effects that worsen the patient's condition.
But even without a detailed diagnosis by a phlebologist, a preliminary diagnosis can be made during an external examination of the patient, which makes it possible to create a scheme of the therapeutic effects and, depending on the individual specific characteristics of the patient's body, the presence of current concomitant diseases andsusceptibility to prolonged exposure necessitates certain treatment adjustments. When diagnosing the patient's condition, it is important to determine what types of varicose veins appear, their location and the degree of neglect of the pathological process.
Most often, varicose veins affect the lower extremities, as this area of the human body is the most stressful. At the same time, not everyone is aware of this load on the legs and does not even protect them from a number of manifestations that signal the need to be more attentive to the limbs and veins. Therefore, in order to understand how the stages of varicose veins differ, it is necessary to have at least general ideas about the manifestations of this pathology, which is characterized by its severity and great dangers to the health of the legs and the human body a whole.
The peculiarities of the classification of varicose veins
The stages of varicose veins can differ in the shape and location of the current pathological process in the veins. This approach is the most convenient for understanding the degree of neglect of the disease, and also makes it possible to determine the cause of the outbreak, thereby eliminating the current manifestations of this disease and characteristic symptoms earlier.
The types of varicose veins differ in several specific parameters. The use of a specific classification allows you to determine the affiliation of an existing disease to a group, which will facilitate further diagnosis and the choice of a treatment system. The modern classification according to the location of the main nodes of varicose veins is as follows:
- Varicose veins in the superficial layer of the skin and deep veins, while the external manifestations are characterized by segmentation - changes in the condition of the veins are noted only in a certain area of the veins.
- Varicose veins of the superficial and perforating veins, which are also found in certain areas of the skin.
- Changes in the state of the veins in which varicose vein enlargement and pathological changes in the superficial veins are diagnosed in an unspoken form, reflux.
- Varicose veins, found in the deep veins, developing reflux.
The presence of reflux indicates the presence of a certain pathology, since with reflux the blood flows in the opposite direction. This phenomenon usually aggravates the pathological process of vein changes, stimulates the aggravation of varicose veins, followed by the coverage of an ever larger area of veins and arteries. All types of varicose veins can show signs of reflux, which is already a certain pathology and requires medical intervention.
Understanding the severity of the disease makes it possible to start treatment in a timely manner, since even the initial stage of the process, which has a relatively small number of external manifestations, is dangerous for the health of the legs. Grade 1 varicose veins can be virtually asymptomatic, but that doesn't mean the disease doesn't need treatment.
An external examination of the affected veins with altered veins allows the specialist to roughly determine the likely cause of this condition. But to clarify the diagnosis, one should undergo a whole series of diagnostic procedures that will make it possible to determine the degree of prevalence of the autologous process and correct the intended therapeutic effect in order to achieve the most pronounced and long-lasting effect - permanently positive results. The classification will help make a diagnosis in accordance with the external manifestations of the disease and determine the system of therapeutic effects.
Classification according to degree of aggravation
Today, the generally recognized classification method is to be seen as a variant that divides the course of the disease into certain stages. Each of them has characteristic manifestations, with the onset of the subsequent stage, a greater degree and symptoms are noted, a large prevalence of the affected area.
The classification of the disease, which occurs depending on the degree of neglect, is as follows:
- Early stage of varicose veins - at the initial stage of the pathological process, there is a gradual accumulation of characteristic manifestations of the disease, which are not always noticed by the patient. This stage is often called latent: a person can write off the unpleasant sensations after a whole day on the feet because of elementary fatigue, the presence of excess weight. However, if we add the expected duration of the child's expectation, heredity (if there is at least one close relative with existing varicose veins, one can confidently assume one's own tendency to develop this disease in oneself), then the manifest pathological changes inignore the veins of the lower veins for a long time.
- the first stage is already characterized by symptoms such as periodic numbness of the legs (especially when maintaining a position and standing position for a long time), pain in certain parts of the legs, feeling of tightness in the legs and veins due to the deterioration in the quality of the circulatory process, the veins expand at the same timeand strengthen their tension. Outwardly, the first stage of the disease is manifested in the appearance of small areas with visible veins and blood vessels, which can disturb the patient when pressing on such an area;
- 2nd degree varicose veins can have the following characteristic forms:
- pain becomes more pronounced, increases at the end of the day;
- bruises and areas with altered veins and capillaries appear on the skin, which are visible even to the naked eye;
- the degree of lesion is increased, which is shown by an enlargement of the lesion area.
- Grade 3 varicose veins are less curable. All characteristic symptoms are exacerbated, the pain intensifies, and the affected area covers most of the leg. The condition and color of the skin of the legs changes: they acquire a darker shade, the skin itself becomes an unhealthy structure, increasingly reminiscent of dead skin. Varicose veins almost always require surgical intervention at this stage, as there is a high risk of a thrombus forming and detaching from the vascular wall, which can clog the vascular lumen and lead to serious consequences in the form of a limb amputation. The third stage is the most dangerous due to the high probability of simultaneous negative manifestations during treatment.
At the second degree of this pathological process, there is a sharp heaviness in the legs, a feeling of bursting veins and skin, there may be so-called goose bumps on the legs and in the hollow of the knee, which is not related to external factors. Grade 2 varicose veins are still treatable; in later stages, the process of exacerbation of the disease progresses faster and faster and affects more and more areas of the lower extremities, while the treatment process is difficult and does not always give positive results;
There are also capillary varicose veins, in which small blood vessels are stressed, the quality of blood circulation gradually deteriorates, characteristic signs in the form of increased fatigue of the limbs, swelling of the affected tissues and a change in the color of the skin appear at the site of the lesion.
Varicose veins have stages that gradually become more complicated, while the method of treatment is determined both by the localization of the site of the lesion and by the subjective manifestations of the disease. Anyone who has noticed at least one of the signs of this terrible disease should remember that the likelihood of the disease passing to a deeper stage in a short period of time and a significant deterioration in the health of the lower extremities is high. Even without the necessary treatment, the patient can become disabled - as medical statistics show, this lasts, on average, about 11 years from the moment when the first characteristic manifestations of the disease appear.
Why is treatment necessary?
Varicose veins of the lower extremities or VBNK, accompanied by a gradual deterioration in blood circulation, the appearance of increasingly deeper symptoms, require an immediate medical response. When detecting varicose veins of the lower extremities, a more detailed diagnosis of veins and blood vessels is carried out, the degree of neglect of the process is determined.
The disease of the lower extremities must be treated due to the rapid exacerbation of the current pathological process, which affects more and more areas. The likelihood of remaining disabled is high, especially in old age, when the basic functions of the body are generally suppressed and resistance to disease decreases. And with accompanying lesions, treating varicose veins on the legs is even more difficult.
Since the disease is characterized by different types (or stages), differing in the degree of exacerbation of the pathological process, treatment should be carried out according to the results of the diagnostics carried out, as well as taking into account the individual characteristics of. be carried out the organism.